What is the significance of Integrated Circuits?
An integrated circuit (or IC) is a collection of electronic circuits that are placed on a small piece of semiconductor material. It functions as the central part of all electronic equipment currently in use.
Electronics have been revolutionized by integrated circuits. Computers, mobile phones, as well as other digital appliances, are now a common necessity. You can buy flash programmers for Maxim Integrated Products Online.
These devices are ubiquitous in our daily lives. Without them, the modern world would cease to exist. Integrated circuits are inexpensive, making it economically feasible to create modern technology.
The electronics industry has seen technology evolve dramatically over the past few years. This is a significant development. Microprocessors are the current most advanced integrated circuits.
Problems associated with Integrated Circuit:
Today's biggest problem with ICs is rampant counterfeiting. The potential annual risk to the electronics supply chain from counterfeiting is $169 billion. These ICs are also used for military purposes and commercial use. This poses a significant threat.
The offshore production of advanced ICs has increased, and the majority of these ICs end up in military systems.
There is always the risk that parts purchased by the Department of Defense may not meet their performance specifications. These are the top counterfeited semiconductors as of 2011.
Analog IC – 25.2%
Microprocessor IC – 13.4%
Memory IC – 13.1%
Programmable Logic IC – 8.3%
Transistor – 7.6%
This is a serious threat to military warfare systems as infected ICs and fake ICs have been infiltrating them for many years. These systems are easy to compromise and could be the next big thing for cyber and electronic warfare.